Hijri Calendar

About

The Hijri Calendar, also known as the Islamic Calendar, is based on the phases of the moon. Observers monitor the illuminated portions of the moon to determine the period of the lunar month. The only widely used purely lunar calendar is the Hijri calendar, where the year always consists of 12 lunar months, or approximately 354 or 355 days .One unique aspect of this calendar model is that the calendar ceases to be linked to the seasons, and drifts each year by 11 days (or 12 days in case of a leap year) in comparison to the Gregorian calendar. It returns back to the position it had in relation to the Gregorian calendar approximately every 33 Islamic years. The Islamic Calendar is primarily used for religious purposes, and serves as the official calendar in Saudi Arabia. In other Muslim countries, it is used for dating events in parallel with the Gregorian calendar. Nevertheless, it is considered the official reference to determine major Islamic events such as the beginning of Ramadan, Hajj (Pilgrimage) and Eid. The calendar is set from the year in which the Prophet Mohammad migrated from Mecca to Medina. Each numbered year is designated either (H) for Hijra or (AH) for the Latin (in the year of the Hijra). A limited number of years before Hijra (BH) are used to date events related to Islam, such as the birth of Prophet Mohammad in 53 BH.

Hijri Calendar Months

1

Muharram

محرّم

2

Safar

صفر

3

Rabi' Al-Awwal

ربيع الأوّل

4

Rabi' Al-Thani

ربيع الثاني

5

Jumada Al-Awwal

جمادى الأولى

6

Jumada Al-Thani

جمادى الثاني

7

Rajab

رجب

8

Sha'aban

شعبان

9

Ramadan

رمضان

10

Shawwal

شوّال

11

Thul-Qi'dah

ذو القعدة

12

Thul-Hijjah

ذو الحجّة

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