His Highness Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed bin Saqr bin Khalid bin Sultan bin Saqr bin Rashid Al Qasimi, was born on Sunday, Sixth of July 1939 AD, 14th Jumada-I 1358 Hijri, in Sharjah.
His mother is Sheikha Maryam bint Sheikh Ghanem bin Salim bin Abdullah bin Saeed bin Sabt bin Matar bin Sultan bin Faris bin Shahwan Al Shamsi.
From his mother, he has four brothers and two sisters; Sheikh Khalid, Sheikh Saqr, Sheikh Abdul Aziz, Sheikh Abdullah, Sheikha Shiekha and Sheikha Naema.
His Highness has also half-brothers and sisters; Sheikh Rashid, Sheikh Humaid, Sheikh Ali, Sheikha Mouza, Sheikha Alia, Sheikha Ghaya, Sheikha Noura, Sheikha Aisha and Sheikha Azza.
His senior wife was Sheikha Moza bint Salim bin Mohammed bin Manee Al Falasi (her grandmother Sheikha Mouza bint Sheikh Ghanem bin Sheikh Salim Al Shamsi, is aunt of HH Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi), and with whom he has two children; his son Sheikh Mohammed (May God rest his Soul) who passed away at a young age and his daughter Sheikha Azza. His Highness got also married to Her Highness Sheikha Jawaher bint Sheikh Mohammed bin Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi, with whom he has three daughters and one son; Sheikha Bodour, Sheikha Noor, Sheikha Hoor and Sheikh Khalid.
His Highness grew up with deep-rooted love of his nation, education and of seeking knowledge. In his early childhood, he was completely enamored of the history of his country. His early education was obtained in Sharjah, Kuwait and Egypt. He joined Al Eslah Al Qasimia School in September 1948 at age of 9 years. Earlier, he was taught Holy Quran by Sheikh Faris bin Abdul Rahman. In 1954, his highness enrolled in The English Private School to learn the English Language. He completed his elementary and secondary education between Sharjah and Kuwait. In 1965, he travelled to Cairo to complete his high education joining The College of Agriculture at Cairo University.
For two years, he was a teacher of English Language and Mathematics at Sharjah Industrial School, particularly from February 1961 to September 1963.
In 1965, His Highness chaired the Municipality, and after his graduation in 1971, he managed The Ruler’s office in Sharjah.
After few days of birth of the United Arab Emirates on 2nd December 1971. Accurately on 9th of December, the ministers’ council was formed and His Highness became the UAE Minister of Education
On 25th January 1972, 9th Dhi Al-Hijja 1391 (Arafa Day) His highness Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al Qasimi, became the ruler of Sharjah, after its former ruler Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi was assassinated as a coup attempt by leaders of Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi. His Highness Sheikh Sultan became a member of UAE Supreme Council at the age of 32 years.
His Highness is the 18th Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah in a chain of Al Qasimi Rulers since year 1600 AD. He has been at the forefront of cultural, economic and social development in the Emirate. He also played a significant role in promoting cultural interaction and dialogue among nations at local, regional and international levels.